Types of problems
According to the mental health charity 'Mind', "1 in 4 people in the UK will experience a mental health problem each year". It seems likely then that most people may experience some form of mental health problem in their life time, either as a result of long standing issues, more recent life experiences or both. While we may do our best to cope when these difficulties arise, sometimes our coping strategies are not enough or may even lead to more problems leaving us feeling overwhelmed. We all could do with some extra help at times like these.
Difficulties with mood tend to fall into 3 basic groups: elevated mood (e.g. mania [extreme euphoria/ irritability] or hypomania [not as severe as mania but problematic]), low mood (e.g. major depression - commonly called clinical depression, unipolar depression, or major depression), and moods which cycle between low and elevated (e.g. between mania and depression, known as bipolar disorder but formerly known as manic depression). This pratice currently only focuses on difficulties relating to low (depressed) mood, such as:
Core symptoms of depression:
Other symptoms of depression:
- Persistent sadness or low mood nearly every day (i.e. felt down, depressed, or hopeless)
- Loss of interests or pleasure in most activities (i.e. little interest or pleasure in doing things).
- Fatigue or loss of energy.
- Worthlessness, excessive or inappropriate guilt.
- Recurrent thoughts of death, suicidal thoughts, or actual suicide attempts.
- Diminished ability to think/concentrate or increased indecision.
- Psychomotor agitation or retardation.
- Changes in appetite and/or weight loss.
Symptoms should have been present persistently for at least two weeks and must have caused clinically significant distress and impairment. If you have at least 5 symptoms, 1 of which is a core symptom, then you may be suffering from clinical depression.
- Subthreshold depressive symptoms: 2-4 symptoms and usually able to cope with everyday life.
- Mild depression: 5-6 symptoms that interfere slightly with the persons daily functioning.
- Moderate depression: 7 symptoms that interfere moderately with the persons daily functioning.
- Severe depression: 8-9 symptoms that interfere significantly with the persons daily functioning.
Persistent subthreshold depressive (dysthymia)
- Subthreshold depression
- Has at least 2 years of depressed mood for more days than not, which is not the consequence of a partially resolved 'major' depression.
Other symptoms: (at least 2 required)
- reactive mood (i.e., mood improves in response to actual or potential positive events)
- significant weight gain or increase in appetite
- leaden paralysis (i.e., heavy, leaden feelings in arms or legs)
- excessive sleepiness (hypersomnia)
- long-standing pattern of sensitivity to rejection resulting in significant social or occupational impairment
Difficulties involving feelings of anxiety (i.e. worry about a future event) and fear (a reaction to a current event), which typically cause physical symptoms, such as a racing heart, nausea, shakiness, etc. This practice currently only focuses on the following difficulties:
Post-traumatic stress disorder
Unfortunately this page is still currently under revision. For more information please email firstname.lastname@example.org.